Measurement, Monitoring, and Control Program in Geophysical Measurements

In geophysical measurements, it is important to know the difference between monitoring, monitoring, and control program. Let’s discuss them one by one. Measurement programs Measurement programs is about the decision of (1) which measurements should be carried out, (2) where the measurements should be made, (3) what measurement technique should be used, and (4) what form of presentation should be used. Example: chemical sampling, physical … Continue reading Measurement, Monitoring, and Control Program in Geophysical Measurements

Multicriteria Methods in Environmental Planning and Management

Multicriteria Decision Aid (MCDA) is a framework for collecting, storing, and processing all relevant information, thus making the decision process traceable and transparent. How is MCDA used in environmental planning and management? We know that there always be conflicts of importance between social, politic, environment, and economic aspects in the planning. Furthermore, there is also conflict of interest between stakeholders. MCDA can solve those conflicts … Continue reading Multicriteria Methods in Environmental Planning and Management

Expert System and Decision Support System

In this article, we will discuss what is Expert System (ES), what is Decision Support System (DSS), how they work, and what is the difference between them. The examples presented here will be an environment planning cases. Expert System (ES) ES is based on simple rule-based logic Problem is completely defines There is clear way for the solution method ES represent precisely what is needed, … Continue reading Expert System and Decision Support System

Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM)

To put it simply, IWRM is an approach to manage water resource in a sustainable way which is vary in the form of planning and policy-making. IWRM is done by involving various stakeholders from different level (local, regional, national, and international). The scope of IWRM is varied from (1) land and water, (2) surface water and groundwater, (3) the river basin and its adjacent coastal … Continue reading Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM)

Magnetism Susceptibility Measurement of Bedrocks

Have you ever wondered that we can categorized rock based on its magnetism? Actually I never thought of that, until I stumbled upon a lovely course of Environmental Measuring and Monitoring. It was really hard and foreign for me. Even I am not sure whether I will use the gained knowledge from this course in the future or not. It is too much of geology … Continue reading Magnetism Susceptibility Measurement of Bedrocks